Explore Primary Sources
Compare and contrast excerpts from two pieces of coal mining legislation.
Total and Per Capita Energy Consumption in India, 1980-2008
Use graphs to examine the trends for total and per capita energy consumption over the last 30 years in India and the United States.
Watch and discuss a short documentary video about tanneries in Kanpur to better understand some of the causes and effects of water pollution in India.
In the media and in the classroom, much emphasis has been placed on India's stunning economic growth since the 1990s. Less attention has been paid, however, to the consequences of the country's rapid industrialization on the nation's people and natural environment. Like many other developing societies throughout history, India's economic progress has resulted in environmental degradation, natural resource depletion, and increased consumption and waste, thereby threatening people's health, access to resources, and traditional ways of life. Using case studies on pollution in the Ganges River, coal mining in Jharkhand, and data comparing the country's total and per capita energy consumption, this cluster explores, and places within a global context, the pressing environmental and human challenges brought by India's industrialization.